Intro

Intro

sábado, 26 de enero de 2008

LOS FILÓSOFOS Y LA MUERTE.La propia,claro.(I)


Hace unos días, Gregorio Luri, en su Café de Ocata, nos deleitaba con esta cita del libro "La estrella de la Redención", de Rosenzweig, libro del que yo no sé una palabra pero me basta con la de Gregorio Luri, el cual afirma que es un texto memorable:

“Por la muerte, por el miedo a la muerte empieza el conocimiento del Todo. De derribar la angustia de lo terrenal, de quitarle a la muerte su aguijón venenoso y su aliento de pestilencia al Hades, se jacta la filosofía.”

Pues bien, esta serie que ahora comienza nos mostrará qué tal se las componían algunos célebres filósofos con esa importante experiencia, especialmente en la variedad no tan infrecuente conocida como "ser asesinado", gracias a las privilegiadas informaciones suministradas por D. Thomas de Quincey, de quién no cabe poner en duda ni la más pequeña brizna de sus palabras:

En la entrega de hoy, el gran Thomas Hobbes:

Hobbes no fue asesinado, nunca he logrado comprender por qué ni en virtud de qué principio. Esta es una omisión capital de los profesionales del siglo diecisiete, pues a todas luces se trata de un espléndido sujeto para el asesinato, salvo que era flaco y huesudo.

Por lo demás, puedo probar que tenía dinero y (lo cual es muy cómico)
carecía de todo derecho a oponer la menor resistencia ya que, conforme a su propia tesis, el poder irresistible crea la más elevada especie de derecho, de modo que constituye rebelión, y de las más negras, el resistirse a ser asesinado cuando ante nosotros aparece una fuerza competente.

No obstante, si bien no fue asesinado, me complace asegurarles que, según su propia cuenta, estuvo tres veces a punto de serlo, lo cual nos consuela.

La primera fue durante la primavera de 1640, en que pretende
haber repartido un pequeño manuscrito en defensa del rey contra el Parlamento. Este manuscrito, dicho sea de paso, no se encontró jamás, pero Hobbes afirma que «si Su Majestad no hubiera disuelto el Parlamento» «lo habría puesto enpeligro de muerte». De nada valió disolver el Parlamento, pues en noviembre del mismo año se reunió el Parlamento Largo y Hobbes,temiendo por segunda vez ser asesinado, huyó a Francia.

En Francia, Hobbes logró defender bastante bien su garganta durante
diez años, pero al cabo publicó el Leviathán en homenaje a Cromwell. El viejo cobarde empezó a morirse de miedo por tercera vez; imaginaba que las espadas de los caballeros se volvían contra él y recordaba la suerte de los embajadores del Parlamento en La Haya y Madrid.

«Tum» dice de sí mismo en su vida, que está escrita en un latín para andar por casa:
«Tum venit in mentem mihi Dorislaus et Ascham; Tanquam proscripto terror ubique aderat.»

Y en consecuencia corrió de vuelta a Inglaterra.


Ahora bien, es innegable que el hombre merecía una paliza por haber escrito
el Leviathán y otras dos o tres por perpetrar un pentámetro que acaba tan villanamente en «terror ubique aderat», pero nadie pensó nunca que fuese digno de algo más que una paliza.

Toda la historia es una pura invención suya. En una carta mentirosísima que
escribió «a una persona ilustrada» (Wallis, el matemático) cuenta lo sucedido de manera completamente distinta y dice (pág. 8) que huyó a casa «porque no estaba seguro con el clero francés», insinuando que podía ser asesinado a causa de su religión, lo cual en verdad hubiera sido algo de mucha risa: ¡Tom en la hoguera a causa de su religión!

Lo cierto es que, fueran o no tales historias simples exageraciones, Hobbes temió hasta el fin de sus días que alguien lo asesinase.

"Thomas de Quincey.Del asesinato considerado como una de las bellas artes."


39 comentarios:

Gregorio Luri dijo...

Efectivamente, es un libro memorable. Pero añado: y muy, muy difícil. Lo cual quiere decir que no estoy seguro de haberlo entendido.

Dhavar y punto dijo...

G Luri:

Me ha abierto el hambre.¿hay alguna edición/idioma que recomiende?

Gregorio Luri dijo...

Creo que han reeditado recientemente la edición de Sígueme. Te aconsejo
que
antes le eches una ojeada, de verdad.

Mary White dijo...

Dhavar,

No tiene nada que ver, disculpas. En Bloglines aparece una entrada "Ricky López. Un hombre despechado" que no aparece en el blog, y que me lleva a una página de error si trato de acceder a ella desde Bloglines, deduzco que la borraste. ¿cierto?

De De Quincey leí en su momento las Confesiones, apenas me acuerdo del libro. Me parece una idea muy interesante esta serie.

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GLuri:

Gracias.Lo hojearé primero.

Mary White:

Ayer tuve una juerga importante en casa.Y, mientras, entraba y salía del bolg.Alguien, en algún momento, lo borró.Quizá yo mismo,no recuerdo bien.
Lo voy a poner otra vez.

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:))
Bueno,una juerga es el mejor motivo para estas cosas.

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